The Polish Arabian Horse – A Product of Struggle

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TOOLS OF WAR

Polish Arabian horses have a historical past that’s inextricably entwined with battle. Missing pure boundaries, Poland has been a stomping floor for one invader after one other: Mongols, Tatars, Turks, Germans and Russians have all taken their flip. Horses have been worthwhile weapons in wartime. Attributable to Arabian horses’ superior agility and stamina, cavalries in possession of Arabians would have a navy benefit over their opponents.

Polish horsemen have been at first victims on the receiving finish of Arabian horses’ astonishing talents. The Poles captured the agile, fearless mounts as prizes of battle from Asian and Center Japanese foes. Polish stud farms have been established as early because the 1500’s to propagate the herd and stage the taking part in subject. Mockingly, a truce with Turkey in 1699 lower off the provision of Arabian horses acquired in battle. Understanding how fleeting peace of their nation typically was, the Poles sought to take care of their gentle cavalry’s superiority. It was at that time that the Poles despatched expeditions to acquire bloodstock from the Bedouins.

RISE OF THE GREAT STUD FARMS OF POLAND.

The breeding of Polish Arabians accelerated throughout the eighteenth century. The Slawuta stud, based by Prince Sanguszko, was stocked with imports from Arabia. The primary state-run stud farm was Janow Podlaski, established in 1817 by decree of Russia’s Alexander I. Antoniny, the nice stud farm that finally produced the stallion Skowronek, was established in 1850.

VICTIMS OF WAR

The Polish cavalry was a vital weapon in wartime, and thus a goal by Poland’s invaders. By the tip of World Struggle I, the Polish Arabian breeding program had been nearly destroyed, with solely two dozen mares and 7 fillies remaining. In 1926, the Poles shaped the Arabian Horse Breeding Society, publishing their first studbook in 1932. In 1927, racing was launched as a way of testing the mettle of their herd.

IMPORTANT IMPORTED SIRES

Though the Polish Arabian breeding program has at all times been primarily based on its broodmares, two sires imported in 1931 had important ramifications to the Polish Arabian line.

o Kuhailan Haifi: recognized for his athletic prowess.

o Ofir: sire of the Three-W Stallions, Witraz, Wielki Szlem (the muse for Poland’s put up battle sire traces) and Witez II (who would unfold his affect in America.)

THE DISSIPATION OF THE HERD

Whereas World Struggle I used to be devastating to the Polish Arabian breed, World Struggle II was an unmitigated catastrophe. In 1939, underneath the specter of the advancing German military, Russia eliminated a dozen of the best stallions and 42 mares from the Janov stud. Included within the rescue – or theft, relying upon the viewpoint – was Ofir. Though the Poles protected their horses as greatest they may, many have been misplaced. Iwonka III (grand-dam of Bask) and Witez II have been shipped to the USA and auctioned off. On the finish of World Struggle II, Poland misplaced its autonomy as soon as extra, turning into a part of the Soviet Union. What remained of the legendary Polish Arabian studs turned the property of the state.

DOMINANT TYPES IN POLISH ARABIAN HORSES

The Polish Arabian breeding program has at all times been pushed by two sorts:

o Seglawi

This kind designates these horses possessing nice magnificence and refinement.

The colour is predominantly gray.

o Kuhailan

That is the athletic best.

The colour of those horses is predominantly bay.

THE PROVING GROUND

The proving floor for three-year-old Polish Arabian horses is the Warsaw monitor. There, breeders decide a horse’s soundness, pace, and skill to recuperate shortly. Probably the most proficient horses are despatched to the stud farms to be bred. The others are offered.

THE AMERICAN CONNECTION

Other than Henry Babson and Common Dickinson within the 1930’s, Poland was not a supply for very many American purchases till the late 1950’s. At the moment, Patricia Lindsay, a British breeder who had turn out to be within the Polish Arabian breeding program, discovered the language and made an tour to Poland. Whereas shopping for horses for her personal program, she additionally turned a buying agent for Individuals.

POLISH ARABIAN HORSES FOR SALE

Every year, on the day following the Polish Nationwide Horse Present, an public sale is held. That is the one alternative for foreigners to purchase horses for export. The inventory consists primarily of broodmares. After a few seasons at stud, or typically recent from the monitor, younger Polish Arabian stallions are provided on the market by means of a silent public sale.



Supply by Randy Meyer

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